भाकृअप - केंद्रीय बकरी अनुसंधान संस्थान

ICAR - Central Institute for Research on Goats

An ISO 9001:2008 Certified Institution

SALIENT RESEARCH CONTRIBUTIONS

The institute has developed farmers’ friendly and commercially viable technologies for goat improvement in the country. So far, 18 patents have been filed; one green drug technology (Alquit) for control of ecto-parasites has been commercialized to M/S Natural Remedies Pvt. Ltd, Bangaluru. Value added goat meat and milk products, area specific mineral mixture, diagnostics for brucellosis and JD are under process of commercialization. The scientists of the Institute have successfully produced kids from embryo transfer and through IVF. A strain of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis genotype ‘Indian Bison type’ strain ‘S 5’ of goat origin has been transferred to M/S Biovet (P) Ltd, Bengaluru for development and commercialization of indigenous vaccine against John’s Disease (J.D.). Recently, in recognition of its meritorious scientific achievements and technology innovation, the Institute has been bestowed with the prestigious ICAR’s Sardar Patel Outstanding Institute Award-2010. Some of the major achievements are as follows:-

Multiplication and conservation of elite germ plasm of Jamunapari, Barbari, Sirohi and Jakhrana breed of goat for genetic improvement of indigenous goats.

Improved reproductive performance resulting in higher population growth in Jamunapari (94.65%) and Barbari (183%) goat flocks.

Positive genetic improvement trend in body weight at birth, at 3, 6, 9, and 12 month of age in Jamunapari goats, (0.12±0.03, 0.59±0.12, 1.58±0.19, 2.66±0.28 and 2.14±0.36, respectively) and at 9 month (0.999±0.213 kg) in Barbari goats.

Significant improvement in milk yield in Jamunapari, Barbari and Jakhrana goats compared to their base population performance.

Successful freezing of semen of Jamunapari, Barbari, Jakhrana and Sirohi breeds, and production of kids through AI in goats.

Standardized Embryo Transfer and IVF technology in goats and successful production of kids through above technologies.

Characterized heat stress tolerant genes i.e. AP-2 binding site in the promoter region of hsp70.1 gene, Melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) gene, Tyrosinase (TYR) gene and Signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 A (STAT5 A) gene to facilitate further studies on resilience of goat production system under changing climate.

Established genetic origin of Indian goat breeds and genetic variation in Myf, leptin, Pit I, FecB, SCD gene and HSPgenes in Indian goats.

Developed complete feed pellet for efficient growth (80g/d) in finisher kids. Strategic supplementation of concentrate mixture @ 1.2 % of the body weight for better growth and meat quality of Barbari goats.

Better dressing percentage and meat quality by supplementation of area specific mineral mixture under intensive goat rearing system.

Identified anti-methanogenic feed resources for goat production system.

Developed higher bio-mass producing fodder system (Guar+ Lobia + Sunhamp) for goats under rain fed conditions and Morus alba based cost-effective agro-forestry system for sustainable goat husbandry in semi-arid and rain fed areas

Developed package of practices and dynamic health calendar for goat farmers.

Determined fatty acids and mineral status of milk of different Indian goat breeds. Standardized process for preparation of herbal functional milk, whey drinks, goat milk and meat based biscuits, and low fat cheese.

Developed low cost-protein and mineral enriched value added goat meat products using fresh goat spleen and herb supplemented functional goat meat and milk products.

Created baseline data on commercial goat farming.